Common Orthodontic Issues in Children: 4 Signs to Watch Out For

Parents, we know you want the best for your child! Our team does too. Whether your child still has a smile full of baby teeth, or their permanent teeth have made an appearance, you’ve probably wondered, “How do I know if my child needs braces?”

It can be tricky to identify orthodontic problems on your own, before you get a professional (free) orthodontic exam! Your team at Bolin Orthodontics is here to help you acclimate to the world of orthodontics.

Here are some of the most common telltale signs you need braces or clear aligners!

1. Crowded or crooked teeth

Crooked teeth and crowded teeth are two of the easiest orthodontic conditions to identify. If you notice that your child has teeth that are overlapping each other, growing at an angle, or positioned outside of the alignment of surrounding teeth, this indicates a need for orthodontic treatment.

When teeth aren’t in alignment, it can be particularly difficult for children to brush and floss around each tooth thoroughly, which can increase the risk of cavities (tooth decay) and gum disease. Crooked/crowded teeth can also affect your child’s self-esteem and confidence!

Signs to watch out for

  • Teeth that appear crowded or overlapping
  • Difficulty biting or chewing food
  • Difficulty speaking or pronouncing certain words
  • Lack of confidence when smiling

2. Overbite or underbite

Children whose jaw bones are not aligned may have an overbite or underbite condition. An overbite occurs when the upper front teeth overlap the lower front teeth excessively. This causes the upper teeth to hang over the lower teeth, making the chin and lower jaw bone appear recessed.

The opposite of an overbite, an underbite occurs when the lower front teeth protrude past the upper front teeth. This causes the lower jaw bone to jut forward, and the upper teeth may sit inside of the lower teeth when the mouth is closed.

Both types of malocclusions (misalignments) can cause problems with chewing and speaking, jaw bone development, facial symmetry and proportion, and affect the overall appearance of the smile.

Signs to watch out for

  • Teeth that appear to be sticking out or protruding
  • Difficulty biting or chewing food
  • Difficulty speaking or pronouncing certain words
  • Recessed chin
  • Lack of confidence when smiling

3. Crossbite

A crossbite occurs when the upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth toward the back of the mouth, causing an improper alignment of the jaw. This can lead to jaw pain and discomfort, as well as premature wear and tear on the teeth.

Signs to watch out for

  • Difficulty biting or chewing food
  • Grinding or clenching of teeth
  • Jaw pain or discomfort

4. Spacing issues

Spacing issues occur when there are gaps between the teeth. This may be caused by a missing tooth, missing teeth, or teeth that are too small in proportion to the jaw bone.

Spacing issues can impact the appearance of the smile and make it difficult to properly clean between the teeth, leading to an increased risk of tooth decay (cavities) and gum disease. Gaps and irregular spacing can also have a significant impact on your child’s self-esteem and confidence.

Signs to watch out for

  • Gaps between the teeth
  • Difficulty chewing food
  • Food getting stuck between the teeth
  • Lack of confidence when smiling

5. Lack of confidence

The childhood/teen years are fundamental for building a strong sense of confidence and self-esteem. Loving your smile has everything to do with loving yourself!

  • Studies by the Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research show the significant impact that a child or teen's smile can have on their self esteem. In a study conducted on 10 to 17-year-olds, the presence of dental issues had a "profound impact on aesthetics and psychosocial behavior."
  • Similarly, studies by the AAO show that “1 in 4 adults avoid smiling due to the condition of their mouth and teeth. And 1 in 5 adults experience anxiety due to the condition of their mouth and teeth.”

These feelings of anxiety and low self-esteem are completely preventable! Starting orthodontic treatment at an early age can allow us to work alongside the natural development of the teeth and jaws, reducing treatment time and preventing mental and physical issues from progressing.

What do I do if I notice these signs in my child?

Fortunately, all of these conditions can be treated with orthodontics for kids! If you notice any of these signs in your child, we encourage you to request a complimentary consultation with our team. We’d love to meet you!

Early intervention can prevent more serious orthodontic issues from developing and can ensure that your child's teeth and jaws develop properly.

We offer free consultations, because we want you and your child to get answers from a professional - with no risk and no cost. Our experienced orthodontist, Dr. Bolin, will perform a full orthodontic exam, including a physical assessment, digital impressions and diagnostic photos, to get the full picture of your child’s smile.

Personalized treatment plans for kids

If Dr. Bolin determines that your child needs or would benefit from orthodontics, we’ll help you determine the right treatment route for your child’s case.

We create personalized treatment plans on a case-by-case basis, because every smile is different! We may suggest a type of braces or clear aligners (Invisalign®/3M™ Clarity™),   and/or an orthodontic appliance (like a palatal expander) before or during treatment.

Let’s create a beautiful smile that lasts a lifetime! Request a complimentary consultation at our orthodontist office in Wilton, CT today.

Our orthodontist office is conveniently located right next to Wells Fargo, Good Morning Nail & Spa salon, Complexion Perfexion Medical Spa and William Raveis Real Estate office.

We can't wait to meet you

Call 203-762-2322 or request an appointment online to set up your first visit. We'll be in touch soon.